Training, both mental and physical is essential for human development and healthy lifestyle. The same happens for dogs. Physical training and obeying commands are funny for dogs, leave less space for boredom or separation anxiety, as well as ensure better health and decreased risks.
Experts say that physical training gives dogs a mental workout and even simple commands can secure dogs from vivid threats to life.
A trained dog is not equal to a balanced dog. However, knowing some key commands help to tackle certain behavior problems and prevent future complications.
Preconditions for teaching commands to dogs
There are several noteworthy recommendations which need to be taken into account until one decides to teach obeying commands to the pet.
- Be consistent and do not change the words you use for your dog- If you one day use a word “fetch” as a command to your dog and the next day- “Bring it” you will confuse the pet and create an obstacle in the learning process.
- Use food, treats to reward your pet when he fulfills what you say, be sweat and encouraging.
- Make rewards sporadic, use different treats as this will make it easier for you to place them out after some period so that your dog to obey you without any present.
- Firstly start with simple commands or exercises, and step by step make them complicated.
- Try the training time for commands to be short as dogs fail to concentrate on for a long time.
- Good timing is essential as both scolding or rewarding must take place when your pet is in the process of doing something. It is within seconds, and if you want to make him obey, you must act immediately.
- If you are irritated or on a bad mood avoid practicing your dog as commands should be connected with a positive experience and not negative.
- If you want your dog to listen to others, your family members among them, and obey their commands you should let them make commands to your lovely pet at home and different environments.
- Do not stop practicing your dog even when he obeys you, as they may “forget” your commands after some time. A continued training plays a big role in the process.
1. How to get your dog sit – a “Sit” command
A sit command is one of the easiest commands you can teach your dog. For this, you will need a treat and to bring the treat too close to your pet’s nose. When the treat is too close to the nose, move your hand up so that the head of your dog follow the desired food. The move will make your dog low down his bottom or place it on the ground. As soon as he sits, say loudly “Sit,” give him the treat and share affection.
You should act like this for several days until your dog is mastered in it. Then step by step use the command in different situations, in other circumstances.
2. A “Down” command
The command may seem difficult for some, but through using the treat and applying patience nothing is too hard. You need to place a good smelling treat in your fist and hold your hand up to the pet’s snout. As soon as the dog smells the food move your hand to the floor to provoke him to follow you. Sliding your hand along the ground just in front of him encourages his body to follow his head. When you see him in the down position, say “Down.” Do not forget to give him the treat and share the love.
3. A “Come” command
To come is one of the best commands which can secure your dog from a potential danger if he runs out or you lose grip on the leash. To make your dog master in the command, you will need a leash at the initial stage. Put a leash and collar on your pet and select a familiar environment for him. Then kneel down or go down to his level and say “Come” and gently pull on the leash. Never pull aggressively or in a negative tone as all the commands should be related to positive emotions for the dog to repeat them in the future. When the dog reaches you, immediately reward him with a treat and share affection.
When you mention that your pet is mastered in the command with the leash, remove it and choose a safe place to continue practicing with him.
4. A “Stay” command
Knowing the command “Sit” is the precondition for teaching to stay. At first, you say “Sit” to move to the new “operation”. When he sits, you open a palm of your hand in front of you and say “Stay”. Then you step back, just several steps, and give him the treat. After each practice, you increase the number of steps backward until you reward your pet. Some dogs, especially those with higher energy, may need more time than others as they are eager to play and run. However, a patient attitude will show a positive outcome shortly even to such dogs.
5. How to make a dog react to his/her name
Say your pet’s name and as soon as he looks at you reward him. Do this all the time when looks at you after calling him. One small thing you need to remember here is to try to avoid mentioning the name of your dog with your friends or family members when talking about him, as frequent mentioning will “lose a price” of the name for him. In such situations try to replace the real name with “my pet” or something similar. It is of high importance to call the name always in positive situations, in a lovely and friendly tone.
Never use the name to scold him as he will associate the name with something negative and will try to ignore it.
6. A “leave it” command
This command is very helpful in the situations when you want your dog not to eat or lick something dangerous or toxic when he runs or is quite far away. A treat plays a role here as in many other situations. You need to place a treat in both of your hands and show him one of the enclosed fists by saying “Leave it.” You should enable him to reveal his reactions to the fist-sniff, bark to get the food. When he gives up acting in such a way give him the treat from another fist. You should repeat the behavior until your dog voluntarily moves away from the enclosed fist when you say “Leave it” and focuses on another fist.
For the next time give the treat to your dog when he moves away from the first fist and at the same time looks up at you. When the dog permanently moves away from the fist as soon as you say “Leave it” and gives an eye contact to you move to another stage of practicing. This stage involves saying “Leave it “and placing a less attractive treat on the ground and covering it with your hand. You should wait until your dog ignores the treat and gives an eye contact with you, only after you give him a better treat and express love to him.
The training has a next level which includes placing a less attractive food on the ground and using nothing to cover it. Reactions should be the same as in above steps. No cover for the “dangerous treat” will lead to the “knowledge” that he must “leave” such things when walking in the street, running and in some other similar situations.
7. A “Give” command
When you see your dog is running around with something in his mouth, it is the right time to “master” him in giving things to you. For this, you place your hands on the item he carries and say – “Give”. You should remember that you must not pull on the things in his mouth.
If he gets stubborn and refuses to give the item, then use a trick, show him a different item or a treat and bring them to his nose to “understand” about the possible benefit. As soon as he opens his mouth and releases the item say – “Give”, also praise and reward him. You should repeat the steps until your dog willingly releases items.
If your dog is too stubborn an option is to gently place a thumb on his gums and apply pressure when repeating “Give” until the action takes results. The action must be done slowly, giving him minutes to release an item.
8. “Jump on/off” commands
Pet owners are particularly happy when seeing their dogs jump on or off from different places immediately they receive commands from their masters. To make your dog “skillful” in the command use a box or furniture and take your dog on a leash to the object. Of course, treats must be ready to reward him when everything is all right. When you arrive at the destination tell him “Jump on”. To attract the attention, you can tap on the box/furniture, make them give sounds.
When the pet “guesses” what you wanted from him and jumps on the surface, give him a treat. You can take the time when the dog is on the surface to share affection, brush him or similar to make him happier and more motivated. You need to wait for some seconds until you make another demand – “Jump off”.
If he cannot wait and prematurely tries to hop off, you must address “Stay,” or “Sit” commands to get him calm down. When he behaviors obediently and jumps off just at the time you tell him “Jump Off” reward him.
You can reinforce the demand through approaching the training destinations from different directions and using various furniture or things for this.
9. “A paw shake” command
As a rule, people shake hands when meet. It is particularly entertaining and funny when a dog shakes a paw when you ask him to do so.
To teach the command, you should find a calm place and ask a dog to “Sit”. When he looks at you, say “Shake,” and pick his paw up. Repeat “Shake” again and hold the paw for some seconds. Then release his paw, praise him and give a treat.
If after several attempts your dog raises his paw without you picking it up, praise him heartily and host him generously.
10. A “get busy” command
To make your dog start peeing in the year can be a challenge, but overcoming the challenge will set a big problem for your and save your time you need to clean your home.
As a first step, you need to select the area you want your dog to eliminate. Every time you walk with your dog take him to the place. When you are on the place stay motionless for a while, enabling your dog to sniff the territory as long as the leash make such an opportunity. Stay on the place until your dog eliminates.
When your puppy starts eliminating, until he finishes, repeat “Get busy.” As soon as he finishes praise him, show care and affection to him. Repeat the steps every time you bring your dog outside for a regular walk.