Hamsters are cute and even cuter when you have them at home. If you want to offer better care to your pet, you should have certain information about him, his habits, diet and some other important things.
Hamsters are rodents, quite small ones, and are often kept as pets. They are different from other rodents due to their small ears, stubby legs and short tail. Hamsters can be different in color: Grey, yellow, black, white, red or even a mixture of colors.
Hamsters are different in size, as there are 24 spices of the rodent. The European breed of hamster may grow up to 34 centimeters; some of them are even bigger. Dwarf hamsters are tiny, about 5-10 centimeters. The most common hamster, the Syrian hamster, grows about 15 centimeters.
The first hamster was discovered in Syria. However, they also live in Belgium, China, Romania and Greece, in dry, warm areas. They were first introduced into the United States in 1936.
Hamsters are nocturnal-love to sleep during a day. If they live in the wild, they are engaged with digging borrows and store food there.
Some hamsters love company, but some of them, like Syrian hamsters, are loner and they “can’t bear” someone else in the cage. They might bite or even kill other hamsters in the cage.
Generally, hamsters are ideal pets to have at home, as they are easy to care and are gentle. However, they may bite when they are startled or frightened or if you wake them up during a day. The rodents have very poor eyesight, but are “very good at differentiating smells.”
The rodent’s teeth grow permanently and chewing twigs or wood keeps them shorter. If they have nothing to chew, their teeth will grow so long that they might affect their lips and mouth. Mother hamster is very protective and she can place her babies, like a food, in her mouth pounces and carry them in the way to avoid threats for them.
What Do Hamsters Eat?
Hamsters are easy to care as they eat a big variety of food. The rodent needs these things: fresh fruits, dry food and vegetables, as well as small quantities of protein. The rodents are high-energy animals and they have rapid metabolism, requiring regular feeding. However, this does mean you should give a big amount of food to hamsters.
As for treats a slice of apple, a small amount of greens, several raisins, a floret of a cauliflower are enough once a day. You should provide small amount of treats as the rodent may put on weight.
Hard treats like branches from fruit-bearing trees, small dog biscuits or commercial snacks can be given once a week.
You should know that hamsters have secret places in the cage where they hide food and treats, so, you should not hurry to refill an employ bowl.
The food is safe for hamster:
- Bok Choy
- Sweet potatoes (without their skin, as it may cause digestive and other complications)
Your hamster must not eat:
- Grape seeds
- Apple seeds and skins
- Fruit pits
- Chocolate (avid any other type of sugary sweets)
The food which is not permitted either cause stomach upset, help put on weight or is toxic for hamsters.
What is an eating time?
There are two views on when the hamster can be fed. One say that hamsters should be fed in the evening as they are nocturnal, while others say that they should be fed during the daytime, as hamsters always wake up for an hour or more to have snack in a day.
You can choose one of the options as none of them may harm your pet, but make sure to provide food and fresh water regularly and never skip meals, as the rodents have high metabolism.
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