If your puppy barks at you, it is quite natural and can be caused due to several reasons. Puppies need to adapt to new surroundings and get used to living without moms. Keeping in mind the preconditions will help you train a puppy better and avoid future complications.
Puppies may bark when they are happy, anxious, scared, angry or bored. If you are inexperienced, it will be hard for you to differentiate the reason for barking. You need to observe your dog how he barks in different situations to guess a real cause of bark to calm your puppy.
After a close observation on your puppy, you may quite soon translate the bark into human language, with the meaning: “I am hungry,” “I am spoilt,” “I am scared,” I am confused,” etc.
Why Do Puppies Bark?
Puppies bark when they are startled or scared, as many sounds and situations are new for them. Their response to the novelty is a bark.
Puppies may bark when they are hungry, as they have smaller stomachs, eat small portions of food and ask for additions quickly. You need to feed the pup four-six times a day, depending on his breed.
Separation anxiety and boredom are wide-spread reasons of a puppy bark when they have no one nearby to communicate with.
Puppies may bark when they want to play with you; it is a type of a signal. The bark which is a sign of play is not a problem if this action is not repeated very frequently, on a daily basis.
Puppies soon get territorial or defensive in a new accommodation, it is natural for them, and in the case of proper training, the feature can be used successfully. Puppies may bark if someone comes nearer to the territory or thing, even a person, he thinks belongs to him.
If you run to the puppy when he barks, he will “guess” the bark is profitable for him and may increase the frequency of barks, which means he is spoilt.
How to Help Excessive Barking In Puppies?
As separation anxiety and boredom are most common reasons of barking in puppies, spending more time with him, training and exercising the pup may solve the problem. If you have not enough time, you should take your puppy for a walk or find a person or a place other people can do it instead of you. You should at least provide the pup with two hours of activity each day which includes running, walking, playing, catch, and other challenging activities, both mental and physical exercise. Interactive toys are also helpful against boredom.
Comfortable and warm bedding may prevent excessive barking as pups do not have enough muscle mass which keeps them warm. You should also provide food on time and meet their other natural demands.
When you take a puppy at home, you should ensure a safe and calm environment for him, as new sounds and objects may startle or frighten him. Stress and barking are most common in puppies which have to live in a noisy place.
You should start obedience training of your dog so that he can obey several, main demands. The obedience training plays against excessive barking.
You need to take out your pup frequently to meet with other people and familiarize himself with new surroundings. Such dogs are more social and less aggressive.
You should also help a puppy to associate the things and situations he dislikes to something positive. For instance, a puppy may be afraid of a doorbell and may bark when it rings. You can ask your friend to bring treats to your pup when he comes and rings the bell. The action should be repeated several times.
You can also train a puppy with head halters. As soon as you pull on, the lead gently presses the pup’s mouth shut for a few seconds of pressure and gives a signal to him to be quiet and you do not have to say a word.
You can also use Citronella collars, which give a warning tone first, followed by a squirt of scent that stops the barking. Some of these collars have remote control function.