Dogs like humans eat different types of food, and the variety of products have their pros and cons.
Food can make a significant influence on your dog, and if it is chosen inappropriately, it can severely damage his health.
Dogs also need wet food, moisture, to avoid digestive system problems, organ dysfunction, kidney complications, etc.
The dry food may contain only about 12 percent of moisture which is low for dogs.
A relevant diet for the dog must not be high in grains or carbohydrates. Moreover, the amount of the ingredients should be minimal in a high-quality product.
You may come across with different types of division of dog’s food, but there are four key grouping for the varieties of food you may use for a dog.
Dry, wet, raw and home-made food are the four types of food mostly used for dogs, with all of them offering their positive and negative sides.
Dry food for dogs is cheaper and easier to store. It does not spoil quickly, and you can leave it in a bowl for several days without any worry it may harm a dog.
The food is comfortable while travelling with a dog and using in the process of training your dog.
The dry food gives excellent service to the dog’s teeth. They massage dog’s gums and can remove plaque from the teeth.
There is a big choice of the dry food on the market.
High-quality dry food provides balanced nutrition with protein, as well as some minerals and vitamins for a pet.
One of the deficiencies of the dry food is that it does not contain the moisture that other types of food do and it is necessary for a dog, particularly in the situation when the dogs do not drink as much water as they need.
The lack of moisture can be particularly harmful to older dogs and those living in hot climates. The lack of moisture may lead to dehydration which is dangerous for the dog’s life.
Those dogs who have dental problems dry food may become a problem as such food is likely to irritate their gums and teeth.
Dry food may not contain as much protein and the fat which is necessary for a dog, as dry food have the lower level of animal-based proteins.
Dry food sometimes comes with fillers that can irritate a dog’s digestive system.
It may also cause itching and dryness of skin, as the food lacks moisture.
Kibbles may include wheat, soy or corn. The grains might trigger allergies in dogs.
In the case of dry food there is a possibility of contamination, an accidental contamination.
Wet food enjoys the high concentration of moisture which works excellently if a dog does not drink enough water.
Protein and fat are also high in the wet food, while the level of carbohydrates is low.
The breeds with smaller or small mouths, joint or dental problems the wet food is an outcome as they find it easy to eat the food.
The wet food is more expensive than for example the dry food, and it should be used for a short period because it spoils easily.
You cannot leave it in a bowl longer or use it comfortably when traveling with a dog.
Even at homes in the process of eating or afterward, dogs may “force you” tide up.
More dental care is essential when using the food, and some dogs may suffer from an upset stomach when eating the food due to the fat content, high moisture, and the protein level.
Raw food contains the nutrients which are mostly destroyed in the process of cooking.
Such kind of food, in most cases, provides healthier skin, improved digestion, smaller/firmer stools and cleaner teeth for a dog.
Major, possible drawbacks of the food are that they may contain bacteria, E. coli, and Salmonella among them, which create threats for the dog’s health.
The food may trigger intestinal perforations and bowel obstruction and be nutritionally deficient.
Raw food is quite expensive.
Various vets say that the home-cooked meal is the best diet for a dog as you are in charge of the quality of products you use.
You can buy fresh meat, fruit or vegetables for your pet and cook a very healthy meal for him.
If a dog is allergic the home-made meal, through the exclusion of offending ingredients, can be a right way to deal with the problem.
If you cook a meal at home, you can omit all types of artificial ingredients or flavors.
Such food is always fresh, and dogs love it.
The cons of the food can be the difficulty to keep the necessary balance of nutrients. You need to contact the wet to specify the balance of the diet.
You may have to pay more for the home-made menu than for the commercial one. Home-cooked meal also spoils easily than the dry food.
The lack of balance of ingredients in the home-cooked meal may cause some health problem that is why the professional advice is necessary for prevention.
Causing nutritional deficiencies, if not the right balance of nutrients, can take place. Consequently, cooking the food at home for dogs requires a research for keeping the balance, and consultations with specialists.
No set, best diet exists that would be suitable for all breeds of dogs.
You should decide what could be beneficial for your dog, considering his daily activities and nutritional requirements.
For this, you need to have information about different types of food and the brands which are on the market and consult with a vet.